发布时间：2019-10-19 13:47:02 来源：今日关注网
Emperor aixinjuelu Yichen (1831-1861), Emperor Xianfeng, was the most unlucky emperor in Qing Dynasty. In the first year of Xianfeng (1851), there was an unprecedented peasant uprising in the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. Emperor Xianfeng has just ascended the throne. He had to deal with the crisis that had not happened before the Qing Dynasty, so that his 11 years of emperor's career was always in internal and external troubles, extremely unfortunate. He is known as the "four no Emperors" who have no vision, courage, talent and action. Historians can't find any reason to praise him. He did not create the outstanding achievements of his ancestors, such as Kangxi, Qianlong and other emperors, nor wrote the influential poems like them. However, there is one thing that we can't help but say that the big money made in Xianfeng Dynasty is very famous. It's a wonderful flower of ancient Chinese coins. It's exquisite. It's praised as the "king of Qing money" by Mr. Sun Zhonghui, a famous spring scholar. It's of great appreciation value. It is of special significance to study the history of coinage and finance in China and even in the world.
[collection name]: Xianfeng Yuanbao dangbai
The Taiping Uprising was the largest peasant uprising in Chinese history. It lasted for 14 years, expanded its power to 17 provinces, and severely damaged the rule of the Qing Dynasty. In particular, the Taiping army occupied many areas of the rich south of the Yangtze River for a long time, which made the tax revenue of the Qing government suffer a great loss. The Qing government was afraid of arousing peasant riots in other areas, so it was not easy to increase taxes, resulting in extreme financial tension. In order to suppress the uprising of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, the Qing government had to raise a large amount of military funds, so it had to take some extraordinary measures, including casting money.
In the third year of Xianfeng (1853 AD), the Qing government was forced to cast large sums of money and successively launched "Xianfeng treasure" and "Xianfeng Yuanbao". In order to quickly promote the big money, the Qing government set up other money casting bureaus, such as Rehe Baode Bureau, Jiangsu Baosu Bureau and Xinjiang Kashi Bureau, outside the original Baoyuan, Baoquan and various money saving bureaus, and also allowed the prince of Keqin to set up a copper donation bureau to specially make big money. In the fourth year of Xianfeng, the Qing government made 16 kinds of coins of face value, including Dang 2, Dang 4, Dang 5, Dang 8, Dang 10, Dang 20, Dang 30, Dang 40, Dang 50, Dang 80, Dang 100, Dang 200, Dang 300, Dang 500, Dang 1000. Because there is no uniform stipulation on the weight and size, coins of the same denomination often differ greatly because of different coin casting offices, or coins produced by the same coin casting office vary in size and weight because of different casting dates, and even there is a strange phenomenon that coins of the same coin casting office with large denomination are smaller and lighter than those with small denomination. In addition, in March of the fourth year of Xianfeng, three kinds of iron money and lead money were successively cast in the household.
Such a large amount of money was cast, which was unique in the Qing Dynasty. After four years, Xianfeng had to stop casting thousands and hundreds of big money. According to the history draft of the Qing Dynasty, "a large sum of money should be a thousand, a hundred, and a discount should be too heavy, which is the first to be abolished." When one hundred, when fifty shall be postponed. " It can be seen that Xianfeng Yuanbao was not a long time ago when it was cast into a hundred big coins. At present, there are not many of them, which are very rare. The Xianfeng Yuanbao should be one hundred, with regular shape, proper size, old way of wrapping, natural rust color, distinct time flow marks, obvious circulation and use marks, and natural historical transition. It is a precious coin. On the obverse, there are four characters of "Xianfeng Yuanbao" in Chinese, which can be read directly; on the back, there are Chinese characters "dangbai" on the top and down, and around, there are full characters "Baosu". Although the collection has experienced the baptism of a hundred years of history, there is not too much wear on the coin surface. It is very delicate and looks good. It is a fine product among hundreds of coins. The coins of Xianfeng year are the best in the whole Qing Dynasty. This coin is the best of Xianfeng's coins. It will have a higher value. It is a rare treasure in the coin collection and is worth collecting.
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