古玩行2019精品推荐第11期 咸丰元宝当百

发布时间:2019-10-19 13:47:02   来源:今日关注网   

清文宗爱新觉罗·奕詝(1831—1861),即咸丰帝,可谓是清代运气最不好的皇帝。咸丰元年(1851),即爆发了轰轰烈烈、声势空前的太平天国农民起义。咸丰帝刚刚登基。便要应对有清以来前所未遇的危局,以致他此后11年的皇帝生涯始终处于内忧外患中,极其不幸。他被称为无远见、无胆识、无才能、无作为的“四无皇帝”,史家也找不出什么理由给他好评。他既没有创出像其祖先康熙、乾隆等皇帝那样显赫的政绩,也没有写出像他们那样有影响的诗文。然而,有一点却不能不说,咸丰朝所铸大钱非常有名,是中国古钱币的一朵奇葩,精美绝伦,被泉学名家孙仲汇先生誉为“清钱之王”,极具欣赏价值。且对研究中国乃至世界铸币史和金融史具有非常特殊的意义。

Emperor aixinjuelu Yichen (1831-1861), Emperor Xianfeng, was the most unlucky emperor in Qing Dynasty. In the first year of Xianfeng (1851), there was an unprecedented peasant uprising in the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. Emperor Xianfeng has just ascended the throne. He had to deal with the crisis that had not happened before the Qing Dynasty, so that his 11 years of emperor's career was always in internal and external troubles, extremely unfortunate. He is known as the "four no Emperors" who have no vision, courage, talent and action. Historians can't find any reason to praise him. He did not create the outstanding achievements of his ancestors, such as Kangxi, Qianlong and other emperors, nor wrote the influential poems like them. However, there is one thing that we can't help but say that the big money made in Xianfeng Dynasty is very famous. It's a wonderful flower of ancient Chinese coins. It's exquisite. It's praised as the "king of Qing money" by Mr. Sun Zhonghui, a famous spring scholar. It's of great appreciation value. It is of special significance to study the history of coinage and finance in China and even in the world.

 

【藏品名称】:咸丰元宝当百

[collection name]: Xianfeng Yuanbao dangbai

【类别】:钱币

Class: Coins

太平天国起义是中国历史上规模最大的农民起义,前后持续长达14年,势力扩展达17省,重创了清王朝的统治。尤其是太平军长期占据富庶江南的许多地区,使清政府的税收大受损失,清政府又怕激发其他地区农民暴动,不敢轻易增重赋税,造成财政极度紧张。为了镇压太平天国起义,清政府必须筹措大量军费,于是不得不采取一些非常措施,其中包括铸行大钱。

The Taiping Uprising was the largest peasant uprising in Chinese history. It lasted for 14 years, expanded its power to 17 provinces, and severely damaged the rule of the Qing Dynasty. In particular, the Taiping army occupied many areas of the rich south of the Yangtze River for a long time, which made the tax revenue of the Qing government suffer a great loss. The Qing government was afraid of arousing peasant riots in other areas, so it was not easy to increase taxes, resulting in extreme financial tension. In order to suppress the uprising of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, the Qing government had to raise a large amount of military funds, so it had to take some extraordinary measures, including casting money.

咸丰三年(公元1853年)清政府被迫开铸大钱,相继推出“咸丰重宝”、“咸丰元宝”。为了迅速推行大钱,清政府在原有宝源、宝泉和各省钱局外,又设立热河宝德局、江苏宝苏局、新疆喀什局等铸钱局,还准许克勤郡王设立捐铜局专铸大钱。至咸丰四年,清朝政府开铸的大钱有当二、当四、当五、当八、当十、当二十、当三十、当四十、当五十、当八十、当百、当二百、当三百、当五百、当千等16种面值的钱币。由于重量、大小无统一规定,同一面值的钱币,往往因为铸钱局不同而差别很大,或者同一铸钱局出品的钱币,因为铸期不同而大小轻重不一,甚至出现同一铸钱局的大面额的钱币比小面额的钱币还要小而轻的怪现象。此外,咸丰四年三月,户部又先后铸造当一、当五、当十等三种铁钱与铅钱。

In the third year of Xianfeng (1853 AD), the Qing government was forced to cast large sums of money and successively launched "Xianfeng treasure" and "Xianfeng Yuanbao". In order to quickly promote the big money, the Qing government set up other money casting bureaus, such as Rehe Baode Bureau, Jiangsu Baosu Bureau and Xinjiang Kashi Bureau, outside the original Baoyuan, Baoquan and various money saving bureaus, and also allowed the prince of Keqin to set up a copper donation bureau to specially make big money. In the fourth year of Xianfeng, the Qing government made 16 kinds of coins of face value, including Dang 2, Dang 4, Dang 5, Dang 8, Dang 10, Dang 20, Dang 30, Dang 40, Dang 50, Dang 80, Dang 100, Dang 200, Dang 300, Dang 500, Dang 1000. Because there is no uniform stipulation on the weight and size, coins of the same denomination often differ greatly because of different coin casting offices, or coins produced by the same coin casting office vary in size and weight because of different casting dates, and even there is a strange phenomenon that coins of the same coin casting office with large denomination are smaller and lighter than those with small denomination. In addition, in March of the fourth year of Xianfeng, three kinds of iron money and lead money were successively cast in the household.

 

铸行如此多的大钱,是清代各朝中绝无仅有的。大钱的铸行,导致了严重的通货膨胀,咸丰四年后,不得不下令停铸当千、当百的大钱。据《清史稿》记载:“大钱当千、当百、以折当过重,最先废。当百,当五十缓废。”可见咸丰元宝当百大钱铸行不久,目前流传在世的不多,非常稀有。该枚咸丰元宝当百,形制规整,大小合适,包浆老道,锈色自然,岁月流痕鲜明,流通使用痕迹明显,历史过渡性自然,为钱币珍品。钱币正面为汉文“咸丰元宝”四字,直读;背面上下穿汉文“当百”,左右穿满文“宝苏”。藏品虽已饱经百年历史的风霜洗礼,币面却无太大的磨损,品相很好,十分精致,是当百钱币里的精品。咸丰年的钱币在整个清代是最好的,此币为咸丰钱币中的精品,价值将更高一层,是钱币收藏品中难得一见的珍品,值得收藏。

Such a large amount of money was cast, which was unique in the Qing Dynasty. After four years, Xianfeng had to stop casting thousands and hundreds of big money. According to the history draft of the Qing Dynasty, "a large sum of money should be a thousand, a hundred, and a discount should be too heavy, which is the first to be abolished." When one hundred, when fifty shall be postponed. " It can be seen that Xianfeng Yuanbao was not a long time ago when it was cast into a hundred big coins. At present, there are not many of them, which are very rare. The Xianfeng Yuanbao should be one hundred, with regular shape, proper size, old way of wrapping, natural rust color, distinct time flow marks, obvious circulation and use marks, and natural historical transition. It is a precious coin. On the obverse, there are four characters of "Xianfeng Yuanbao" in Chinese, which can be read directly; on the back, there are Chinese characters "dangbai" on the top and down, and around, there are full characters "Baosu". Although the collection has experienced the baptism of a hundred years of history, there is not too much wear on the coin surface. It is very delicate and looks good. It is a fine product among hundreds of coins. The coins of Xianfeng year are the best in the whole Qing Dynasty. This coin is the best of Xianfeng's coins. It will have a higher value. It is a rare treasure in the coin collection and is worth collecting.

 

 

 

 

 

 

企业联系电话:400 686 3616