元青花双龙鱼藻罐

发布时间:2021-02-23 11:48:01   来源:网络  

元青花瓷(又称元青花),即元代生产的青花瓷器。青花瓷生产于唐代,兴盛于元代。成熟的青花瓷出现在元代的景德镇,纹饰最大特点是构图丰满,层次多而不乱。元青花瓷大改传统瓷器含蓄内敛风格,以鲜明的视觉效果,给人以简明的快感。以其大气豪迈气概和艺术原创精神,将青花绘画艺术推向顶峰,确立了后世青花瓷的繁荣与长久不衰。

Yuan blue and white porcelain (also known as Yuan blue and white), namely the blue and white porcelain produced in the Yuan Dynasty.Blue and white porcelain was produced in the Tang Dynasty and flourished in the Yuan Dynasty.Mature blue and white porcelain appeared in Jingdezhen of the Yuan Dynasty. The most prominent feature of its ornamentation is its full composition and its layers are many but not chaotic.The blue and white porcelain of the Yuan Dynasty greatly changed the implicit and introverted style of traditional porcelain, giving people a simple pleasure with bright visual effect.With its heroic spirit and original artistic spirit, it pushed the blue and white painting art to the peak and established the prosperity and enduring popularity of the blue and white porcelain in the later generations.

罐为直口,鼓腹,向下急收至底部。器型敦实厚重。白釉底色略含青。器身满布纹饰,口部画菊花,器身画游鱼水草,整个布局疏朗大气,又疏密有致。此罐最可贵之处就是纹饰。游鱼画法精细又随意,随着游鱼到来,下部水草飘动,水中其他杂草也上下移动。鱼背上的发色,笔路分明,为横向涂抹,两笔交接处色浓又有晕散,可看出画工落笔时的从容。下部水藻婀娜多姿,运笔几乎一气呵成。这也显示了画工娴熟的技巧。青花发色淡雅,有铁锈斑,浓淡相宜,过渡明显,为典型的元青花发色。底部露胎有淡淡的火石红,红色鲜亮纯正。

The pot has a straight mouth, a bulging belly, and is sharply drawn downward to the bottom.The shape is solid and thick.White glaze base color slightly green.The body is decorated with cloth, the mouth is painted with chrysanthemum, the body is painted with fish and water plants, the whole layout is clear and elegant, and dense.The most valuable thing about this jar is the ornamentation.Fish painting is fine and random, with the arrival of fish, the lower water grass fluttering, other weeds in the water also move up and down.The hair color on the back of the fish has clear brush path, which is applied horizontally. The junction of the two strokes is thick and scattered, which shows the calm of the painter.Lower algae graceful, almost one stroke.It also shows the skill of the painter.Blue and white hair color quietly elegant, iron rust spots, appropriate shade, obvious transition, for the typical yuan blue and white hair color.The bottom dew fetus has a light flint red, red bright and pure.

元代景德镇陶工在继承唐宋制瓷成就的基础上进一步创新,弥补了形体上工艺粗糙的不足,使元青花更精美。元青花装饰除主题纹饰特点鲜明之外,许多辅助纹样也有着独特的时代风格,其中尤以变形莲瓣纹和云肩纹表现最为突出。变形莲瓣纹是最能代表元瓷特征的辅助纹样之一,除元青花瓷之外,亦见于同时期景德镇窑的卵白釉、青白釉产品以及元代龙泉窑青瓷装饰之中,其画法一般以外粗里细的两道线勾勒莲瓣的轮廓线,每片莲瓣之间不相连,即留有一定的空隙,莲瓣内加绘有花朵、云朵、火焰或琛宝纹。琛宝也称杂宝,元代杂宝纹常以火珠、犀角、古钱、银锭、葫芦、莲花、灵芝等组成,但组合并不固定。这种变形莲瓣纹多装饰在器物的口边、肩或足胫部,有绘一周的,也有在不同部位多绘至四周的,但都不作主题纹饰。云肩纹又称如意云头或灵芝头,俗称大云肩,多绘画在器物的颈肩部,纹内一般绘有各种繁密的动植物纹样,因其借鉴于元蒙贵族服装上的肩部织绣纹样而来,故而得名。The potters in Jingdezhen of Yuan Dynasty further innovated on the basis of inheriting the achievements of Tang and Song Dynasty in porcelain making, making up for the lack of rough craft in form and making the blue and white of Yuan Dynasty more exquisite.In addition to the distinctive motifs of the blue and white decoration of the Yuan Dynasty, many auxiliary motifs also have their own unique style of The Times, among which the deformed lotus petals and cloud shoulder patterns are the most prominent.Deformation lotus-shaped grain is one of the most can represent the yuan porcelain features the auxiliary pattern, in addition to yuan blue and white porcelain, also found in the same period jingdezhen kiln of egg white glaze, green products and the yuan dynasty longquan celadon celadon decoration craft, its general outside coarse in fine brushwork two line draw the outline of the outline of lotus-shaped line, not connected between every piece of lotus petals, which have a certain gap, lotus-shaped add painted flowers, clouds, flame, or source of treasure.Chenbao is also known as miscellaneous treasure. Yuan Dynasty miscellaneous treasure pattern is often composed of fireball, rhinoceros horn, ancient money, silver ingot, gourd, lotus, ganoderma, etc., but the combination is not fixed.This kind of deformed lotus petal pattern is mostly decorated on the mouth edge, shoulder or foot shin of the implements. Some are painted for a week, and some are painted to all around in different parts, but they are not used as the theme pattern.Cloud shoulder pattern is also known as ruyi cloud head or ganoderma head, commonly known as big cloud shoulder, mostly painted on the neck and shoulder of the vessel, generally painted with a variety of dense animal and plant patterns, because it borrowed from the Yuan and Mongolia aristocratic clothing on the shoulder embroidery pattern, so it got its name.

青花瓷是中国瓷器的主流品种之一,属釉下彩瓷。青花瓷是用含氧化钴的钴矿为原料,在陶瓷坯体上描绘纹饰,再罩上一层透明釉,经高温还原焰一次烧成。在所有青花绘制的瓷器中最具艺术魅力还属元青花,元青花之所以为世推崇,不只是因元代的瓷器,比元代早的、好的瓷器还很多,如唐代越窑秘色瓷、邢窑白瓷、宋代单色釉更是达到审美高度。

元青花的珍贵之处在于它的绘画艺术,元青花这特定时期出现的瓷种,在宋代湖田窑青白釉瓷的基础上,更进一步改进胎质,以瓷胎为载体,以价比黄金的进口钴料为介质,以毛笔为工具,熟练的结合当时制瓷工艺,完美的、淋漓尽致的把杂剧人文、花鸟鱼虫、山石江崖等纹饰图案如中国画写意般的呈现在瓷器上。

这种特定时期的制瓷工艺及进口青花料高温下的呈现状态恰到好处的和绘画技法完美结合,所呈现出器形饱满有张力、青花明艳有层次、绘画淋漓有章法等等艺术创造性达到了巅峰。这是前无古人、后无来者的也难以逾越的艺术成就。这就是元青花价值所在。

Blue and white porcelain is one of the mainstream varieties of Chinese porcelain, which belongs to underglaze colored porcelain.Blue and white porcelain is made of cobalt ore containing cobalt oxide as raw material, painted on the ceramic body, then covered with a layer of transparent glaze, and fired by high temperature reduction flame.

Among all the blue and white painted porcelain, the Yuan blue and white porcelain is the most artistic charm.

Yuan blue and white for the world, not only because of the yuan dynasty porcelain, earlier than the yuan dynasty, good porcelain also many, such as the Tang Dynasty Yue Kiln secret color porcelain, Xing Kiln white porcelain, the Song Dynasty monochrome glaze is to achieve aesthetic height.

Yuan blue and white's precious is that it's painting art, yuan blue and white porcelain, this particular period left green white glazed porcelain kiln in song dynasty, on the basis of further improve TaiZhi, with porcelain body as the carrier, with price than gold import cobalt materials as medium, with brush tool, skilled in combination with the porcelain making technology, perfect incisively and vividly, the drama of the humanities, flower, such as rock hill decorative pattern on the China as a Chinese painting freehand brushwork in traditional Chinese painting.

The porcelain making process and the presentation state of imported blue and white materials at high temperature in this particular period are perfectly combined with the painting techniques, showing the full shape and tension, blue and white bright and colorful layers, painting and so on. The artistic creativity reaches the peak.

This is an unprecedented and insurmountable artistic achievement that has never been achieved before or since.

This is the value of yuan blue and white.